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mysql字符集导致恢复数据库报错问题解决办法

发布时间:2017-03-23   编辑:www.jquerycn.cn
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mysql字符集编码错误的导入数据会提示错误了,这个和插入数据一样如果保存的数据与mysql编码不一样那么肯定会出现导入乱码或插入数据丢失的问题,下面我们一起来看一个例子。

恢复数据库报错:由于字符集问题,最原始的数据库默认编码是latin1,新备份的数据库的编码是utf8,因此导致恢复错误。


[root@hk byrd]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uroot -p'admin' t4x < /tmp/11x-B-2014-06-18.sql
ERROR 1064 (42000) at line 292: You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near ''[caption id=\"attachment_271\" align=\"aligncenter\" width=\"300\"]<a href=\"ht' at line 1

修复方法(未实测):

[root@Test ~]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uroot -p'admin' --default-character-set=latin1 t4x < /tmp/11x-B-2014-06-18.sql
MySQL

-- MySQL dump 10.13  Distrib 5.5.37, for Linux (x86_64)
--
-- Host: localhost    Database: t4x
-- ------------------------------------------------------
-- Server version       5.5.37-log
 
/*!40101 SET @OLD_CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT=@@CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT */;
/*!40101 SET @OLD_CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS=@@CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS */;
/*!40101 SET @OLD_COLLATION_CONNECTION=@@COLLATION_CONNECTION */;
/*!40101 SET NAMES utf8 */;
/*!40103 SET @OLD_TIME_ZONE=@@TIME_ZONE */;
/*!40103 SET TIME_ZONE=' 00:00' */;
/*!40014 SET @OLD_UNIQUE_CHECKS=@@UNIQUE_CHECKS, UNIQUE_CHECKS=0 */;
/*!40014 SET @OLD_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=@@FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS, FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0 */;
/*!40101 SET @OLD_SQL_MODE=@@SQL_MODE, SQL_MODE='NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO' */;
/*!40111 SET @OLD_SQL_NOTES=@@SQL_NOTES, SQL_NOTES=0 */;
 
--
-- Current Database: `t4x`
--
 
CREATE DATABASE /*!32312 IF NOT EXISTS*/ `t4x` /*!40100 DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 */;
--
-- Table structure for table `wp_baidusubmit_sitemap`
--
 
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `wp_baidusubmit_sitemap`;
/*!40101 SET @saved_cs_client     = @@character_set_client */;
/*!40101 SET character_set_client = utf8 */;
CREATE TABLE `wp_baidusubmit_sitemap` (
  `sid` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `url` varchar(255) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `type` tinyint(4) NOT NULL,
  `create_time` int(10) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `start` int(11) DEFAULT '0',
  `end` int(11) DEFAULT '0',
  `item_count` int(10) unsigned DEFAULT '0',
  `file_size` int(10) unsigned DEFAULT '0',
  `lost_time` int(10) unsigned DEFAULT '0',
  PRIMARY KEY (`sid`),
  KEY `start` (`start`),
  KEY `end` (`end`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=84 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
/*!40101 SET character_set_client = @saved_cs_client */;

0
1
[root@hk byrd]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -uroot -p'admin' t4x < /tmp/t4x-B-2014-06-17.sql
ERROR 1064 (42000) at line 295: You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near ''i' at line 1
MySQL

-- MySQL dump 10.11
--
-- Host: localhost    Database: t4x
-- ------------------------------------------------------
-- Server version       5.0.95-log
 
/*!40101 SET @OLD_CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT=@@CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT */;
/*!40101 SET @OLD_CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS=@@CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS */;
/*!40101 SET @OLD_COLLATION_CONNECTION=@@COLLATION_CONNECTION */;
/*!40101 SET NAMES utf8 */;
/*!40103 SET @OLD_TIME_ZONE=@@TIME_ZONE */;
/*!40103 SET TIME_ZONE=' 00:00' */;
/*!40014 SET @OLD_UNIQUE_CHECKS=@@UNIQUE_CHECKS, UNIQUE_CHECKS=0 */;
/*!40014 SET @OLD_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=@@FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS, FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0 */;
/*!40101 SET @OLD_SQL_MODE=@@SQL_MODE, SQL_MODE='NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO' */;
/*!40111 SET @OLD_SQL_NOTES=@@SQL_NOTES, SQL_NOTES=0 */;
   
-- 
-- Current Database: `t4x`
--
   
CREATE DATABASE /*!32312 IF NOT EXISTS*/ `t4x` /*!40100 DEFAULT CHARACTER SET latin1 */;
   
USE `t4x`;
--
-- Table structure for table `wp_baidusubmit_sitemap`
--
 
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `wp_baidusubmit_sitemap`;
/*!40101 SET @saved_cs_client     = @@character_set_client */;
/*!40101 SET character_set_client = utf8 */;
CREATE TABLE `wp_baidusubmit_sitemap` (
  `sid` int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `url` varchar(255) NOT NULL default '',
  `type` tinyint(4) NOT NULL,
  `create_time` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
  `start` int(11) default '0',
  `end` int(11) default '0',
  `item_count` int(10) unsigned default '0',
  `file_size` int(10) unsigned default '0',
  `lost_time` int(10) unsigned default '0',
  PRIMARY KEY  (`sid`),
  KEY `start` (`start`),
  KEY `end` (`end`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=83 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
/*!40101 SET character_set_client = @saved_cs_client */;
字符集相关:

MySQL


mysql>show variables like '%character_set%';
-------------------------- ----------------------------
| Variable_name            | Value                      |
-------------------------- ----------------------------
| character_set_client     | utf8                       |
| character_set_connection | utf8                       |
| character_set_database   | utf8                       |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                     |
| character_set_results    | utf8                       |
| character_set_server     | latin1                     |
| character_set_system     | utf8                       |
| character_sets_dir       | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
-------------------------- ----------------------------
 
mysql>set names gbk;
 
mysql>show variables like '%character_set%';
-------------------------- ----------------------------
| Variable_name            | Value                      |
-------------------------- ----------------------------
| character_set_client     | gbk                        |
| character_set_connection | gbk                        |
| character_set_database   | utf8                       |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                     |
| character_set_results    | gbk                        |
| character_set_server     | latin1                     |
| character_set_system     | utf8                       |
| character_sets_dir       | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
-------------------------- ----------------------------
 
mysql>system cat /etc/my.cnf | grep default    #客户端设置字符集client下面
default-character-set=gbk
 
mysql>show variables like '%character_set%';
 
-------------------------- ----------------------------
| Variable_name            | Value                      |
-------------------------- ----------------------------
| character_set_client     | gbk                        |
| character_set_connection | gbk                        |
| character_set_database   | latin1                     |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                     |
| character_set_results    | gbk                        |
| character_set_server     | latin1                     |
| character_set_system     | utf8                       |
| character_sets_dir       | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
-------------------------- ----------------------------
 
mysql> system cat /etc/my.cnf|grep character-set-server    #客户端设置字符集mysqld下面
character-set-server = cp1250
mysql> show variables like '%character_set%';
-------------------------- --------------------------------------------
| Variable_name            | Value                                      |
-------------------------- --------------------------------------------
| character_set_client     | utf8                                       |
| character_set_connection | utf8                                       |
| character_set_database   | cp1250                                     |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                                     |
| character_set_results    | utf8                                       |
| character_set_server     | cp1250                                     |
| character_set_system     | utf8                                       |
| character_sets_dir       | /byrd/service/mysql/5.6.26/share/charsets/ |
-------------------------- --------------------------------------------
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

其他的一些设置方法:

修改数据库的字符集
    mysql>use mydb
    mysql>alter database mydb character set utf-8;
创建数据库指定数据库的字符集
    mysql>create database mydb character set utf-8;

通过配置文件修改:
修改/var/lib/mysql/mydb/db.opt
default-character-set=latin1
default-collation=latin1_swedish_ci

default-character-set=utf8
default-collation=utf8_general_ci
重起MySQL:
[root@bogon ~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql restart

通过MySQL命令行修改:
mysql> set character_set_client=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set character_set_connection=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set character_set_database=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set character_set_results=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set character_set_server=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set character_set_system=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
mysql> set collation_connection=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
mysql> set collation_database=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
mysql> set collation_server=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
查看:
mysql> show variables like 'character_set_%';
-------------------------- ----------------------------
| Variable_name             | Value                       |
-------------------------- ----------------------------
| character_set_client      | utf8                        |
| character_set_connection | utf8                        |
| character_set_database    | utf8                        |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                      |
| character_set_results     | utf8                        |
| character_set_server      | utf8                        |
| character_set_system      | utf8                        |
| character_sets_dir        | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
-------------------------- ----------------------------
8 rows in set (0.03 sec)
mysql> show variables like 'collation_%';
---------------------- -----------------
| Variable_name         | Value            |
---------------------- -----------------
| collation_connection | utf8_general_ci |
| collation_database    | utf8_general_ci |
| collation_server      | utf8_general_ci |
---------------------- -----------------
3 rows in set (0.04 sec)

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